Meteorological autumn spanning the months of September, October and November proved to be cooler and much wetter than normal in Greater Moncton.
While September felt more summer-like, it turned decidedly colder by mid-October and a big drop by mid-November with a low within two degrees of a 30-year record.
Precipitation was heavy with more than 100 mm of rain falling above normal and snow first appeared in late October and again in heavy amounts by late November.
Snow settles in NE Moncton before changeover to rain, 10 Nov 2018 (Dearing)
About twice the normal amount of precipitation fell in Southeast New Brunswick during November which began as heavy rain and became heavy snow when it turned colder.
Two major rain events which included hurricane force winds were followed by the first snowfall of the season on the 10th and three more snow events to round out the month.
Greater Moncton had snow cover starting on the 14th and by the 30th, about 31 cm of snow was lying on the ground – almost eight times more than normal.
Temperatures were mild during the first third of the month and became decidedly frigid by the middle with lows near -15 C accompanied by bitterly cold wind chills.
NOVEMBER 2018 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 3.2°C
Average LOW -4.0°C
AVERAGE -0.4°C (about 2.3 degrees BELOW normal)
Extreme HIGH 17.1°C (03 Nov)
Extreme LOW -15.3°C (22 Nov)
RAINFALL 141.4 mm (about 50 percent ABOVE normal)
SNOWFALL 75.0 cm (about 4 times ABOVE normal)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Freshly fallen snow in west end Moncton, 29 Nov 2018 (Dearing)
Southeast New Brunswick has been under a gloomy, grey sky all week thanks to a couple of low pressure systems.
The first one brought rain, drizzle and fog while the second brought heavy, wet snow to make this November one of the snowiest in recent memory.
Eastern New Brunswick got the brunt of the snow with Miramichi picking up a whopping 43 cm of snow while Greater Moncton had a hefty 28 cm.
Most of the snow in Nova Scotia fell over northern and eastern areas with heavy rain falling elsewhere.
Strong winds up to 89 km/h caused a storm surge along the Gulf of St. Lawrence coast.
Gusts of more than 100 km/h were reported on Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton Island.
The recent cold snap has been so fierce that daytime highs are struggling under bitter wind chills and are setting maximum cold records.
On 22nd and 23rd November, the daily highs in Greater Moncton only climbed to -7.9 C and -6.9 C respectively which broke records from 1989 as shown in the above chart.
Besides 1989, it looks like 1978 was another nippy November in the Maritimes judging by the number of maximum cold records which fell in those years.
Temperatures sunk early Monday across the Maritimes with some New Brunswick locations shattering records by almost five degrees dating back to the 1880’s.
The bitter cold precedes another storm system which could bring up to 25 cm of snow to southern New Brunswick, most of Prince Edward Island and northern Nova Scotia.
While it plunged to -14.7°C in Greater Moncton, the 1936 record still stands at -16.7°C.
Here are some of the new record lows set in the region on 19 November:
- Bathurst, NB -22.5°C
- Woodstock, NB -21.4°C
- Miramichi, NB -20.2°C
- Kouchibouguac, NB -20.0°C
- Summerside, PE -15.7°C
- Charlottetown, PE -15.2°C
Heavy rain is not exactly being welcomed in California despite recent wildfires in the northern and southern parts of the state which have been ferocious and deadly.
Officials are now warning about the threat of mudslides as rain falls on dry or parched land and it runs downhill bringing rocks and debris with it.
About 100 mm of rain could fall in the north where the so-called Camp Fire has wiped out the mountain town of Paradise, north of the state capital Sacramento, claiming more than 77 lives with 1,000 still missing.
In the south, nearly 50 mm could dampen the so-called Woolsey Fire in the western suburbs of Los Angeles which has claimed at least three lives and destroyed some of America’s most expensive real estate including the homes of numerous Hollywood celebrities.
The cause of both fires is still under investigation but a lawsuit alleges problems with electricity transmission lines may have played a role.
Actor Gerard Butler in front of his destroyed home in Malibu, CA, USA, 11 Nov 2018 (Instagram)
|NOVEMBER snowfalls in Greater Moncton
||Total monthly snowfall
||Nov. 30 had 26 cm
||Nov. 26-27 had 32 cm
||No measurable snow
||Nov. 23 had 21.6 cm
||Nov. 27 had 10.6 cm
||Nov. 22 had 32.7 cm
November can often be a hard month to predict when it comes to how much snow may fall in New Brunswick.
As the chart above shows for Greater Moncton, some years may have only a few centimetres or even barely a snowflake as was the case in 2012.
However, it only takes one major storm to push up the totals such as in 2014 with almost 56 cm of snow.
Much of the month’s accumulation tends to come from several snowfalls of just a couple centimetres each and often there are no major snow events.
The thirty year snowfall average (1981-2010) for November at the Greater Moncton Airport is 19.4 cm.
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Main Street East webcam, 17 Nov 2018 (City of Moncton)
Southeast New Brunswick received about 20 cm of snow from a Nor’easter giving the region its first taste of winter.
Rain or ice pellets did not mix in as forecast for Greater Moncton but the snow was wet and heavy.
Higher amounts of snow fell further north and lesser amounts along the Fundy coast, Prince Edward Island and northern Nova Scotia where more rain fell.
Snowfall totals (in cm):
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
- Kouchibouguac 28
- Bouctouche 22
- Greater Moncton 20
- Miramichi 14
- Fredericton 13
- Charlottetown 9
- Saint John 8
While other parts of New Brunswick have already had significant snow this fall, the first snowfall warning of the season has been issued for Greater Moncton and the Southeast region.
Fresh from impacting Southern Ontario, Southern Quebec and the U.S. Northeast, Environment Canada says this storm will bring up to 15 cm of snow with ice pellets and rain mixing in before tapering off later tonight.
Schools were cancelled in anticipation of the storm with snow beginning to fall by midmorning.
Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton Island are expecting 15 to 20 cm with lesser amounts for mainland Nova Scotia.
Snow falling in Washington, DC, USA, 15 Nov 2018 (Instagram)
A significant November snowstorm took meteorologists by surprise yesterday when more snow fell and for longer than originally forecast.
A Nor’easter moved up the U.S. Eastern Seaboard dropping 16 cm of snow on New York City which created commuter chaos with train delays and dozens of drivers trapped in their vehicles on treacherous highways.
While Washington, DC only picked up about 4 cm – the biggest November snowfall in three decades – it was to take road crews by surprise and some schools were closed.
The precipitation also included ice pellets and freezing rain with an eventual changeover to rain.
The storm also brought between 10 and 20 cm of snow across Southern Ontario with Toronto Pearson Airport picking up 11 cm.
The same system is now impacting the Maritimes.