Many areas of New Brunswick reported intervals of snow pellets mixed with snow on Wednesday including Greater Moncton.
Also known as graupel, snow pellets are tiny super-cooled water droplets which collect on a snowflake and fall to the ground.
Meteorologists say it’s not unusual to see graupel in the spring on cool, unstable days.
Irishtown Nature Park, 05 October 2019 (Dearing)
Chilly temperatures across the Maritimes on Friday made it feel more like early November than early October.
In Greater Moncton, the daytime high for 04 October was only 8.2 C which means it was the coolest day since 22 May when the maximum was only 8.6 C.
Halifax, Charlottetown, Saint John and Fredericton also had highs below 10 C.
The normal high for the first week of October in Southeast New Brunswick is 15 C with an overnight low of 4 C.
Fallen leaves on a trail in Irishtown Nature Park, 23 Sept 2019 (Dearing)
Hurricane Dorian defined September for Southeast New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia.
Although downgraded before making landfall near Halifax, Dorian was still a very destructive storm.
Powerful winds toppled century-old trees onto power lines, a month’s worth of rain drenched the region in hours and a vicious storm surge tossed boats around like toys.
If it hadn’t been for Dorian, the month would have been quite dry in Greater Moncton.
September also lacked heat with slightly below normal temperatures thanks to chilly nights and cool daytime highs which often struggled to reach 20°C.
SEPTEMBER 2019 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 18.9°C
Average LOW 7.3°C
AVERAGE 13.1°C (about 0.5 degrees BELOW normal)
Extreme HIGH 26.0°C (22 Sept)
Extreme LOW -0.4°C (19 Sept)
RAINFALL 187.5 mm (more than DOUBLE the normal amount)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Irishtown Nature Park reservoir, 25 Aug 2019 (Dearing)
Cooler, fresher air moved into the Maritimes this weekend following the passage of a cold front.
Saturday’s daytime high of 18.1°C in Greater Moncton was the chilliest daily maximum since 01 July.
Sunday’s morning low was 5.2°C which was the coolest since 25 June.
Forecasters say the fall-like weather won’t last long with more summer-like conditions expected by midweek.
Fire burning in Iranduba, Amazonas, Brazil, 20 Aug 2019 (Reuters/B.Kelly)
Forest fires are raging in the Amazon rainforest and international pressure has forced the Brazilian government to bring in the military to help.
Official figures show the number of fires has surged by 84 percent this year in Brazil with over 78,000 reported – more than half in the Amazon region.
Many blazes have been human caused and environmentalists blame the jump on farmers clearing land for pasture.
Smoke from the fires has drifted into major cities like São Paulo where the afternoon sky recently became so dark it looked like night.
A state of emergency was declared in Manaus where many residents are suffering from respiratory problems.
Strawberry plant in blossom after rain, NE Moncton, 29 June 2019 (Dearing)
The average monthly temperature for June in Greater Moncton was at least close to normal compared to a damp, cold May.
While daytime highs climbed to 20°C or higher on 20 days, significant heat was scarce and the thermometer didn’t even get close to 30°C.
Rainfall was heavier than normal – a measurable amount was recorded on 21 days – following a trend which began in early spring.
About three-quarters of the precipitation fell during the last ten days of the month.
JUNE 2019 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 21.0°C
Average LOW 8.8°C
AVERAGE 14.9°C (about 0.3 degrees BELOW normal)
Extreme HIGH 26.0°C (19 June)
Extreme LOW 2.8°C (01 June)
RAINFALL 128.9 mm (almost 30 percent ABOVE normal)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
The last couple of nights have been chilly across New Brunswick with overnight lows in the low single digits.
While Greater Moncton fell to 5.5°C which was a few degrees away from the record, the same minimum in Bouctouche was cold enough to set a new low.
Edmundston dipped to a nippy 1.1°C which tied its record as did Grand Manan when it dropped to 3.8°C.
Over the last six years in Greater Moncton, the chart above shows temperatures have not fallen to the freezing point or lower after early June.
It’s been a cold spring in Greater Moncton and the thermometer didn’t reach 20°C until 25 May – so when will it hit 30°C?
According to Environment Canada, the average date since 2013 has ranged from mid-May to late June but mainly late May.
While June has been warmer to date in Southeast New Brunswick, the long range forecast is calling for cooler conditions.
Will we have to wait until July this year?
After a cold and wet spring in New Brunswick, what will summer be like?
The Weather Network has unveiled its summer 2019 forecast and if you were hoping for warmer temperatures, it appears you may have to wait a little longer.
TWN suggests the season will be changeable and humid with cool weather in June but warmer than normal temperatures arriving in July stretching into August.
Extended periods of dry weather could lead to short term drought in parts of the Maritimes but overall precipitation will likely be near normal.
What about the spring 2019 forecast from The Weather Network?
TWN noted a cold wave in early March would be followed by a warmer pattern later in the month with more consistent spring-like weather by early April.
Both temperatures and precipitation were expected to be near normal.
So was the seasonal forecast accurate?
While early March was cold in Greater Moncton with a bitter low of -20.1 C, a warmer pattern never really developed except for a brief shot of warmth at month end.
April had some warmth in the middle but that fizzled near the end and while May started off strong, a cold pattern held steady for the second half of the month.
Precipitation was below seasonal in March, well above average in April and slightly above normal for May.
Glorious sunset in NE Moncton, 22 Apr 2019 (Dearing)
Spring can be the most disappointing season of the year in New Brunswick and April 2019 was no exception with cloudy, cool and often wet conditions.
Surprisingly, Greater Moncton was close to normal in temperature but double the average amount of rain fell along with slightly more snow than usual.
Melting snow and heavy precipitation led to more disastrous flooding along the St. John River – almost as bad as last year’s historic water levels.
Only one day was fully below freezing and while nights weren’t that cold, daytime highs often struggled to reach the double digits.
APRIL 2019 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 8.1°C
Average LOW -1.0°C
AVERAGE 3.6°C (near normal)
Extreme HIGH 18.9°C (21 Apr)
Extreme LOW -6.0°C (08 Apr)
RAINFALL 122.5 mm (about 100 percent ABOVE normal)
SNOWFALL 32.8 cm (slightly ABOVE normal)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)