Snow settles in NE Moncton before changeover to rain, 10 Nov 2018 (Dearing)
About twice the normal amount of precipitation fell in Southeast New Brunswick during November which began as heavy rain and became heavy snow when it turned colder.
Two major rain events which included hurricane force winds were followed by the first snowfall of the season on the 10th and three more snow events to round out the month.
Greater Moncton had snow cover starting on the 14th and by the 30th, about 31 cm of snow was lying on the ground – almost eight times more than normal.
Temperatures were mild during the first third of the month and became decidedly frigid by the middle with lows near -15 C accompanied by bitterly cold wind chills.
NOVEMBER 2018 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 3.2°C
Average LOW -4.0°C
AVERAGE -0.4°C (about 2.3 degrees BELOW normal)
Extreme HIGH 17.1°C (03 Nov)
Extreme LOW -15.3°C (22 Nov)
RAINFALL 141.4 mm (about 50 percent ABOVE normal)
SNOWFALL 75.0 cm (about 4 times ABOVE normal)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Freshly fallen snow in west end Moncton, 29 Nov 2018 (Dearing)
Southeast New Brunswick has been under a gloomy, grey sky all week thanks to a couple of low pressure systems.
The first one brought rain, drizzle and fog while the second brought heavy, wet snow to make this November one of the snowiest in recent memory.
Eastern New Brunswick got the brunt of the snow with Miramichi picking up a whopping 43 cm of snow while Greater Moncton had a hefty 28 cm.
Most of the snow in Nova Scotia fell over northern and eastern areas with heavy rain falling elsewhere.
Strong winds up to 89 km/h caused a storm surge along the Gulf of St. Lawrence coast.
Gusts of more than 100 km/h were reported on Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton Island.
Tree topples over following powerful winds, 04 Nov 2018 (NB Power)
An intense low pressure system moving up from the U.S. Eastern Seaboard brought heavy rain and strong winds to the Maritimes overnight.
The powerful hurricane-force gusts knocked out electricity to more than 100,000 customers in New Brunswick during the height of the storm.
Temperatures were very mild thanks to a southerly flow with highs exceeding 20°C in some areas including a new record of 21.7°C in Cheticamp.
Rainfall amounts (mm):
- Kejimkujik, NS 93
- Alma, NB 85
- Greater Moncton 69
- Fredericton 64
- Saint John 60
- Summerside, PEI 58
- Halifax Stanfield 45
Wind gusts (km/h):
- Bouctouche, NB 119
- North Cape, PEI 117
- Greater Moncton 110
- North Mountain, NS 108
- Grand Etang, NS 106
- Fredericton 102
- Saint John 100
- Halifax Stanfield 100
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Snow settles in NE Moncton before a changeover to rain, 28 Oct 2018 (Dearing)
A frosty Saturday morning proved record breaking at the Greater Moncton International Airport when the thermometer plunged to -6.6°C which breaks the previous cold low from 1998 by 0.1°C.
Frigid temperatures were also set in Edmundston at -12.2°C, Woodstock at -11.7°C and Saint John at -8.4°C with weather records going back to 1886.
The Arctic cold was soon replaced by a low pressure system with some tropical moisture from the remnants of Hurricane Willa.
The early season Nor’easter brought snow, ice pellets and eventually rain to the Maritimes along with gusty winds which uprooted trees in parts of New England.
A boat rests on a street in Teacapan, Sinaloa, Mexico following Hurricane Willa, 24 Oct 2018 (Reuters)
Crashing into the Pacific coast of Mexico between Mazatlan and Puerto Vallarta, Hurricane Willa was a Category 3 storm packing wind gusts up to 193 km/h.
The eye of the hurricane struck the town of Teacapan where roofs were ripped off buildings and the streets were turned into a muddy mess.
Roads leading into Teacapan were littered with dozens of fallen utility poles.
A massive evacuation effort moved thousands into temporary shelters inland and no deaths were reported.
Snow squall in west end Moncton, 18 Oct 2018 (Dearing)
Low clouds and cold gusty winds across the warm Gulf of St. Lawrence and Bay of Fundy produced the first snow flurries of the season throughout the Maritimes today.
Greater Moncton actually had occasional snow squalls throughout the afternoon but there was no accumulation.
Some areas of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia did record slight amounts on the ground.
Environment Canada issued a special weather statement with up to 10 cm of snow possible for the Cape Breton Highlands.
A fast-moving cold front passed through the Maritimes today on its way to Newfoundland.
Powerful winds developed as a result which knocked out electricity to tens of thousands of customers across New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia.
The Greater Moncton International Airport recorded a gust of almost 90 km/h late this morning with Cape Breton Island reporting winds of more than 100 km/h.
Many locations across Newfoundland had hurricane-force gusts including Bonavista at 126 km/h, Wreckhouse at 107 km/h and St. John’s at 104 km/h.
The cold front also affected Southern Quebec yesterday with gusts of more than 80 km/h in Montreal and Quebec City.
Damage from Leslie in Lisbon, Portugal, 14 Oct 2018 (Reuters)
After swirling in the mid-Atlantic Ocean for weeks, Leslie hit the northwest coast of Portugal on Sunday delivering heavy rain and wind gusts up to 176 km/h.
The tropical storm uprooted trees, damaged cars and homes and local flooding was reported.
As Leslie exited Portugal and moved across northern Spain, the remnants of Michael were being felt in the same area of the Iberian Peninsula.
Meteorologists say this is the first time in recorded weather history that the remnants of two hurricanes have impacted Spain at the same time.
Hurricane Michael damage in Panama City, FL, USA, 10 Oct 2018 (Instagram)
Hurricane Michael slammed the coastline of the Florida panhandle making landfall mid-afternoon as a Category 4 storm.
Michael is the strongest hurricane to hit the United States since Camille in 1969 with winds up to 250 km/h and as much as 300 mm of rain.
Warmer than normal water temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico helped fuel Michael and the accompanying storm surge which submerged communities near Panama City.
Forecasters say the storm was downgraded to a Category 1 as it crossed Georgia.
Michael is expected to weaken to a post-tropical depression by the time it passes south of Nova Scotia on Saturday.
A powerful storm brought destructive winds to the Eastern Arctic with gusts up to 140 km/h in Nunavut, Nunavik (northern Quebec) and northern Labrador.
The power was knocked out in Iqaluit where residents were cleaning up debris and assessing roof damage on some buildings.
Environment Canada reported a peak wind gust of 124 km/h in Iqaluit but that was still below the record of 156 km/h from 1960.
Forecasters say the cyclogenesis or weather bomb featured rapidly dropping central pressure which generated strong winds.