Early blast of Arctic air

The jet stream took a big dip south this week allowing Arctic air to envelop the eastern United States and eastern Canada.

Temperatures dropped to freezing all the way to the Gulf of Mexico.

Meteorologists say the early icy blast was more typical of January than mid-November.

New record lows were set in Ontario where CFB Borden fell to -24°C and Toronto Pearson Airport dropped to -14°C.

The coldest low of the season was set in Greater Moncton today at -10°C and just a couple degrees shy of the record.

The Southeast New Brunswick forecast calls for a roller coaster ride this weekend followed by more seasonable temperatures next week.

Early snow for southern Ontario & Quebec

A snowy Gore Park, Hamilton, ON, 11 Nov 2019 (City of Hamilton)

An early winter storm tracked south of the Great Lakes on Monday and brought snow to Southern Ontario and Southern Quebec.

Snowfall amounts generally ranged between 10 and 30 cm.

Environment Canada says Toronto marked its earliest major snowfall on record with about 15 cm.

Arctic air has filtered in behind the storm prompting the city to issue an extreme cold weather alert with a possible overnight low of -15°C.

Snowfall amounts (cm), Tuesday 5pm EST:

  • Montreal 20
  • Quebec City 20
  • Windsor 19
  • Hamilton 17
  • Toronto (downtown) 15
  • Ottawa 13

Scattered frost!

Geranium with light frost damage in NE Moncton, 19 Sept 2019 (Dearing)

It was a cold morning in the Maritimes and frost advisories were posted for all three provinces.

Scattered frost was recorded in many areas including Greater Moncton where the thermometer fell to -0.4°C at the airport which is close to the 2008 record low of -1.2°C.

However, a minimum of -4.4°C was set in the area in 1945.

This was a light frost and much earlier than the average date of 04 October.

New record lows for 19 September:

Grand Manan
New record  -2.1°C
Old record -1.6°C set in 2008
Records in this area have been kept since 1883

Saint John Airport
New record -0.7°C
Old record -0.5°C set in 2009
Records in this area have been kept since 1871

Port Hawkesbury, NS
New record 0.3°C
Old record 2.0°C set in 1994
Records in this area have been kept since 1875

Summerside, PEI
New record 0.6°C
Old record 2.1°C set in 2014
Records in this area have been kept since 1898

(Data courtesy Environment Canada)

Historic heat in Western Europe

The jet stream has carried hot air from northern Africa across western Europe which is shattering all-time record highs in numerous countries.

The second extreme heat wave this summer has set new maximums in Belgium at 38.9 C, the Netherlands at 39.2 C and Germany at 40.5 C.

Bordeaux, France reached 41.2 C on Tuesday which was its highest temperature ever.

Thanks to the urban heat island effect, major cities are more prone to hot weather than rural areas and don’t cool down that much overnight.

On Thursday, the UK Met Office believes Britain could smash its current historic high of 38.5 C recorded in Faversham in August 2003.

Unbelievable cold in the West!

COLD

Thermometer reading near Edmonton where Celsius meets Fahrenheit, 05 Feb 2019 (Twitter)

An Arctic air mass has plunged much of Western Canada into the deep freeze with the coldest weather in nearly a decade.

Frigid temperatures have broken records in Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia with the wind chill making it feel more like -50 in some areas!

Emergency responders had many calls related to frostbite and hypothermia with seniors and young children being especially vulnerable to the cold.

Auto clubs had almost ten times as many requests from drivers for dead car batteries.

These locations were among new minimums set on 05-06 February 2019:

Key Lake, SK
New record of -47.7
Old record of -44.0 set in 2007
Records started in 1976

Meadow Lake, SK
New record of -43.5
Old record of -41.0 set in 1979
Records started in 1959

Saskatoon, SK
New record of -42.5
Old record of -41.7 set in 1907
Records started in 1900

Grande Prairie, AB
New record of -41.5
Old record of -39.4 set in 1933
Records started in 1922

Edmonton International Airport, AB
New record of -41.2
Old record of -37.2 set in 1975
Records started in 1959

Jasper, AB
New record of -39.4
Old record of -35.7 set in 2014
Records started in 1916

Blue River, BC
New record -35.6
Old record -33.0 set in 1989

Lytton, BC
New record -17.4
Old record -17.2 set in 1949

(Data courtesy Environment Canada)

Spring-like in Eastern Canada

Ahead of a Colorado Low, a mild southerly air flow moved across Eastern Canada resulting in record high temperatures from Southern Ontario to New Brunswick.

The thermometer climbed to a balmy 7.2 C in Greater Moncton but it was shy of the 1962 record of 11.1 C.

Among the locations setting new maximums in New Brunswick on 05 February:

Bouctouche
Tied record of 8.5 set in 2018
Records since 1965

Fredericton
New record of 11.3
Old record of 8.3 set in 1890
Records since 1871

St. Stephen
New record of 12.4
Old record of 9.9 set in 2006
Records since 1898

Woodstock
New record of 10.1
Old record of 7.8 set in 1890
Records since 1886

New record highs set in Ontario included:

St. Catharines
New record 15.1
Old record 13.0 in 1991
Records began in 1902

London
New record 10.0
Old record 9.9 in 1991
Records began in 1941

Kitchener
New record 11.3
Old record 7.8 in 1962
Records began in 1915

Hamilton Airport
New record 12.1
Old record 10.6 in 1991
Records began in 1960

Toronto Pearson Airport
New record 12.7
Old record 11.0 in 1991
Records began in 1970

Peterborough
New record 10.3
Old record 9.0 in 1991
Records began in 1968

Trenton Airport
New record 10.8
Old record 9.2 in 1991
Records began in 1970

(Data courtesy Environment Canada)

Bitter cold in Toronto

A bitterly cold day in downtown Toronto, 20 Jan 2019 (Dearing)

Without a doubt, Canada’s largest city can often be cold during the winter.

But during a recent stopover in Toronto, an Arctic air mass pushed into Southern Ontario giving the provincial capital its coldest daytime high ever recorded.

A bitterly cold maximum of -14.2°C was set on 20 January at Pearson Airport.

Two overnight lows also dropped to -22°C this week which although frigid were still a few degrees away from the all-time records.

Until now, Central Canada had practically escaped the winter season apart from a brief blast in late November.

Record highs in Maritimes

St. George Gorge, Magaguadavic River, NB, 22 Dec 2018 (Dearing)

Warm, moist air with southerly winds pushed temperatures into record high territory across the Maritimes on Saturday.

Greater Moncton reached a high of 12.8 C which was actually a bit shy of the 1973 record of 14.4 C.

New record highs for 22 December:

  • Greenwood, NS  16.8 C
  • St. Stephen, NB  14.7 C
  • Saint John, NB  14.1 C
  • Fredericton, NB  13.0 C
  • Halifax Stanfield Airport, NS  13.6 C
  • Alma. NB  12.9 C
  • Kouchibouguac, NB  12.9 C
  • St. Peters, PEI  12.2 C

Bitter cold ahead of more snow

Temperatures sunk early Monday across the Maritimes with some New Brunswick locations shattering records by almost five degrees dating back to the 1880’s.

The bitter cold precedes another storm system which could bring up to 25 cm of snow to southern New Brunswick, most of Prince Edward Island and northern Nova Scotia.

While it plunged to -14.7°C in Greater Moncton, the 1936 record still stands at -16.7°C.

Here are some of the new record lows set in the region on 19 November:

  • Bathurst, NB -22.5°C
  • Woodstock, NB -21.4°C
  • Miramichi, NB -20.2°C
  • Kouchibouguac, NB -20.0°C
  • Summerside, PE -15.7°C
  • Charlottetown, PE -15.2°C

Juneuary!

Gander26June

Snow falls in Gander, NL (GNL Highway Cameras)

When it snows in June it might as well be January which gives us a new month called Juneuary!

It may now be summer but an icy rain changed to snow in central Newfoundland and the Cape Breton Highlands today.

Gander set a new record with 2 cm of snow and Environment Canada said it has never snowed on 26 June before.

Thanks to a chilly rain, Greater Moncton reached a daytime high of only 11.0 C yesterday which was colder than the average overnight low of 12 C.

Average temperatures in Southeast New Brunswick have been running about three degrees below normal this month.