Today marks the beginning of the 2019 hurricane season which will run until the end of November.
For a record fifth consecutive year, storm activity began before the 01 June official start date when Subtropical Storm Andrea formed on 20 May.
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is forecasting a near normal season with 9–15 named systems, 4–8 hurricanes, and 2–4 major hurricanes.
The Canadian Hurricane Centre begins issuing statements when a storm is within three days of entering a response zone covering Eastern Canada and adjacent waters.
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is predicting hurricane activity in the North Atlantic Ocean in 2017 is likely to be above normal (45 percent) or near-normal (35 percent).
The Canadian Hurricane Centre says it responds to 4 or 5 tropical cyclone events each year on average, with 1 or 2 of those affecting Canadian land and another 2 or 3 threatening offshore waters.
Hurricanes are typically a greater concern in Canadian waters later in the season but the Canadian Hurricane Centre monitors the Atlantic Ocean year‑round for any tropical or tropical‑like cyclone that could pose a threat to Canada or its waters.
July was Earth’s hottest month in at least 135 years of record keeping according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
July’s average temperature was 16.5 Celsius, beating the previous global mark set in 1998 and 2010 by about 0.07 C.
Records go back to 1880 but nine of the 10 hottest months have happened since 2005.
One of the exceptions was Atlantic Canada where the Maritimes had a cooler than normal July while Newfoundland was much colder than average.
The 2013 Atlantic hurricane season is drawing to a close and it turned out to be a big bust.
With only a few weeks left, it’s now clear that American forecasters – who called for a busy season – were way off the mark.
In the spring, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration predicted unusually warm ocean temperatures would spawn between seven and 11 hurricanes and three to six could become major hurricanes with winds exceeding 178 kilometres an hour.
This year, there have been 12 named storms but the number of hurricanes and major hurricanes is well below average.
A dozen named storms is average for a season, which spans from June 1 to November 30.
The Canadian Hurricane Centre in Halifax says forecasters have issued bulletins for only two storms this year, Andrea in June and Gabrielle in September and both had little impact on the Atlantic region.
Trees uprooted in St. John’s, NL, 11 Sept 2012 (CP photo)
Forecasters at the Canadian Hurricane Centre say an active hurricane season is expected this year with an above-average number of storms.
One or two storms typically make landfall in Eastern Canada every year with another two or three entering offshore waters.
Although the season officially begins in June, hurricane activity mainly occurs between mid-August and mid-October.
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is predicting a 70 percent likelihood of 13 to 20 named storms, of which 7 to 11 could become hurricanes, including 3 to 6 major hurricanes.
In 2012, the Canadian Hurricane Centre monitored five tropical cyclones and issued bulletins on four storms – two which made landfall and two which stayed offshore.
On 11 September, former Hurricane Leslie struck Eastern Newfoundland causing minor damage and on 29-30 October, the far-reaching influence of Post-Tropical Storm Sandy was felt from Ontario to Atlantic Canada.
In the United States, Hurricane Isaac was the only storm to reach landfall as a hurricane in Louisiana and while Hurricane Sandy caused considerable damage in New Jersey and took 147 lives, it lost its status before striking land.