Many trees are losing leaves in west end Moncton, 27 Oct 2017 (Dearing)
October often felt like August in Greater Moncton with 12 days reaching daytime highs of 20 C or higher.
Environment Canada says only October 1913 was slightly warmer since records began in 1881.
Temperatures did fall below freezing on 7 days with some scattered frost but the month escaped a hard frost and vegetation continued to flourish.
Rainfall was more than 30 percent below normal in Southeast New Brunswick continuing a prolonged dry period which began in early summer.
OCTOBER 2017 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 17.7 C
Average LOW 5.0 C
AVERAGE 11.4 C (about 3.8 degrees ABOVE normal)
Extreme HIGH 23.7 C (08 Oct)
Extreme LOW -1.8 C (13 Oct)
RAINFALL 76.5 mm (about 30 percent BELOW normal)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Along the Riverfront Trail in Moncton, 21 October 2017 (Dearing)
Nine communities across New Brunswick set new record highs yesterday and the same will likely happen again today.
Greater Moncton was the warmest spot in the province climbing to 23.1 C which broke the old maximum temperature of 22.8 C from 1928.
Greenwood was among six communities in Nova Scotia breaking records with a high of 24.5 C.
Four records fell on Prince Edward Island including Charlottetown at 21.7 C.
Environment Canada says the Maritimes is enjoying a late October heat wave because the region is sandwiched between low pressure and high pressure allowing warm, southerly air to move northward.
Maple tree past peak in Moncton, 22 Oct 2017 (Dearing)
The fall foliage in Southeast New Brunswick is now past peak and the leaves are starting to tumble to the ground.
Typically a strong wind and/or rain event will bring down most remaining leaves from the trees with maples the first to shed and oaks among the last.
Forestry experts say unseasonably warm weather across the Maritimes this autumn have muted some fall colours.
Rich, vivid displays are most common when days are sunny but cool and nights are cold.
Aboiteau Beach, Cap-Pele, NB, 08 Oct 2017 (Dearing)
The jet stream brought warm southerly air into the Maritimes allowing temperatures in Southeast New Brunswick to climb into the 20s this Thanksgiving weekend.
Environment Canada says Greater Moncton reached a daytime high of 20.2 C on 07 October, 23.7 C on 08 October (near the record of 23.9 C from 1970), and 22.9 C on 09 October.
Given the autumn warmth, I couldn’t resist a visit to Aboiteau Beach (and neither could a handful of others) which was near 24 C under a mostly cloudy sky and it was quite windy.
Greenwood, Nova Scotia was the hot spot in Canada hitting 26 C for two days in a row.
Maple leaves changing colour in Fairview Knoll Park, Moncton, 04 Sept 2017 (Dearing)
September turned out to be a continuation of summer in Southeast New Brunswick right up until month end.
Daytime highs in Greater Moncton climbed above 25 C on ten days and a monthly maximum of 31.1 C turned out to be the warmest of 2017 set in early fall (26 Sept).
Although hurricanes never directly affected the province, meteorologists say much of the warmth last month came from tropical air pushed northward from these storms.
Rainfall was exactly normal but almost all of the precipitation fell during a single rain event spread over two days (6-7 Sept).
SEPTEMBER 2017 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 22.3 C
Average LOW 9.4 C
AVERAGE 15.8 C (about 2.2 degrees ABOVE normal)
Extreme HIGH 31.1 C (26 Sept, warmest high of 2017)
Extreme LOW 0.6 C (30 Sept)
RAINFALL 93.5 mm (Exactly NORMAL)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Sunflowers flourishing during heat wave, Salisbury, NB, 24 Sept 2017 (Dearing)
Having a heat wave in late September is unusual for Southeast New Brunswick but even more so is that the highest temperature of 2017 has occurred in early autumn.
The thermometer soared to 31.1 C yesterday (26 September) at the Greater Moncton International Airport which breaks the previous maximum of 29.6 C from 2007 and records date back to 1881.
The previous high for the year had been 30.6 C recorded on 04 August.
At least 10 other New Brunswick communities set new record highs yesterday including Fredericton at 32.8 C, Woodstock at 32.3 C and Bouctouche at 31.8 C.
Environment Canada says temperatures will return to more seasonable values by the weekend with highs between 16 and 18 C.
Hints of fall in Bessborough Park, Moncton, NB (Dearing)
The autumnal equinox arrived in New Brunswick at 5:02pm ADT.
Days and nights are now roughly equal in length and the sun is directly overhead at the equator and will head southward.
The leaves in Greater Moncton are starting to show hints of fall colours and experts say a dry summer could mean the display will not be as brilliant.
The Weather Network is forecasting a warmer and wetter autumn season compared to normal.
Maple tree turning colour in Fairview Knoll Park, Moncton, NB, 04 Sept 2017 (Dearing)
If you were looking for great summer weather in the province, Environment Canada says Greater Moncton and Southeast New Brunswick was the place to find it this year.
The average temperature for meteorological summer – June, July and August – was 18.1 C which is 0.7 degrees above normal.
The weather office says humidity was often low, overnight lows were comfortable but 8 days hit 30 C or higher compared to a typical 4 to 5.
The downside was a lack of precipitation with 155 mm of rain recorded which is 40 percent less than the summer average of 268 mm.
Temperatures across southern Europe have been so hot in recent days – climbing to more than 40 C in some areas – the heat wave has been called “Lucifer”.
Several deaths have been reported and severe weather warnings have been issued in Spain, France, Italy and the Balkan States.
Serbia’s capital Belgrade reached a scorching 39 C and train service in the southern part of the country was halted after rail tracks buckled in the extreme heat.
By contrast, northern Europe has been much cooler and wetter with the thermometer dropping as low as 4 C in the Scottish Highlands.
Upper Salmon River, Alma, NB, 30 July 2017 (Dearing)
As the month of July progressed in Southeast New Brunswick, lawns turned brown and forests became extremely dry as temperatures soared and little rain fell.
Greater Moncton only received one-third of its normal monthly rainfall and 15 days had no precipitation at all.
The heat was steady throughout July with 20 days reaching 25 C or higher and four days climbing to 30 C or more.
A brief cool down near month end lowered daytime highs to the low 20s Celsius and brought a chilly overnight low of 6.9 C.
JULY 2017 ALMANAC (at Greater Moncton Int’l Airport, 1981-2010)
Average HIGH 26.0 C
Average LOW 12.3 C
AVERAGE 19.2 C (about 0.4 degrees ABOVE normal)
Extreme HIGH 30.5 C (31 July)
Extreme LOW 6.9 C (23 July)
RAINFALL 30.0 mm (about 67 percent BELOW normal)
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)