This has been a very snowy winter across northern New Brunswick with Edmundston and Bas-Caraquet recording 114 cm of snow on the ground as of today (06 March).
Some unofficial reports have indicated a snow depth of more than 160 cm in some mountainous areas.
Southern New Brunswick also has plenty of snow but often it has been mixed with rain, freezing rain or ice pellets which have lowered accumulations.
Greater Moncton now sits at 53 cm (the most so far this season) and snowbanks are getting high enough to cause visibility issues at some intersections.
Plenty of snow near Caraquet, NB (Village Historique Acadian/IG)
Ahead of a Colorado Low, a mild southerly air flow moved across Eastern Canada resulting in record high temperatures from Southern Ontario to New Brunswick.
The thermometer climbed to a balmy 7.2 C in Greater Moncton but it was shy of the 1962 record of 11.1 C.
Among the locations setting new maximums in New Brunswick on 05 February:
Tied record of 8.5 set in 2018
Records since 1965
New record of 11.3
Old record of 8.3 set in 1890
Records since 1871
New record of 12.4
Old record of 9.9 set in 2006
Records since 1898
New record of 10.1
Old record of 7.8 set in 1890
Records since 1886
New record highs set in Ontario included:
New record 15.1
Old record 13.0 in 1991
Records began in 1902
New record 10.0
Old record 9.9 in 1991
Records began in 1941
New record 11.3
Old record 7.8 in 1962
Records began in 1915
New record 12.1
Old record 10.6 in 1991
Records began in 1960
Toronto Pearson Airport
New record 12.7
Old record 11.0 in 1991
Records began in 1970
New record 10.3
Old record 9.0 in 1991
Records began in 1968
New record 10.8
Old record 9.2 in 1991
Records began in 1970
(Data courtesy Environment Canada)
Temperatures sunk early Monday across the Maritimes with some New Brunswick locations shattering records by almost five degrees dating back to the 1880’s.
The bitter cold precedes another storm system which could bring up to 25 cm of snow to southern New Brunswick, most of Prince Edward Island and northern Nova Scotia.
While it plunged to -14.7°C in Greater Moncton, the 1936 record still stands at -16.7°C.
Here are some of the new record lows set in the region on 19 November:
- Bathurst, NB -22.5°C
- Woodstock, NB -21.4°C
- Miramichi, NB -20.2°C
- Kouchibouguac, NB -20.0°C
- Summerside, PE -15.7°C
- Charlottetown, PE -15.2°C
Snow settles in NE Moncton before a changeover to rain, 28 Oct 2018 (Dearing)
A frosty Saturday morning proved record breaking at the Greater Moncton International Airport when the thermometer plunged to -6.6°C which breaks the previous cold low from 1998 by 0.1°C.
Frigid temperatures were also set in Edmundston at -12.2°C, Woodstock at -11.7°C and Saint John at -8.4°C with weather records going back to 1886.
The Arctic cold was soon replaced by a low pressure system with some tropical moisture from the remnants of Hurricane Willa.
The early season Nor’easter brought snow, ice pellets and eventually rain to the Maritimes along with gusty winds which uprooted trees in parts of New England.
Snow settles on grass, vehicles and rooftops in NE Moncton, 25 Oct 2018 (Dearing)
Even by New Brunswick standards, snow in October is not very common.
But a low pressure system dropped more than 15 cm of heavy, wet snow over western and northern parts of the province creating commuter chaos in Fredericton yesterday.
After getting drenched with 38 mm of rain, Greater Moncton received a light coating of snow this morning which stuck to rooftops, vehicles and grassy areas but it melted by midday.
Here are some snowfall totals (in cm) from volunteer observations:
- Charlo/Belledune area. 23 cm
- Woodstock. 16 cm
- Fredericton. 15 cm
- Miramichi. 13 cm
- Grand Falls. 10 cm
- Moncton. 3.4 cm
It may have been the warmest summer in the Maritimes in almost a century but some parts of the region woke up to below freezing temperatures and frost this morning!
That means some areas had a growing season which barely lasted 100 days since the last spring frost for many was 04 June.
Greater Moncton was definitely chilly with an early morning low of 3.0°C which was close to the record low of 1.1°C from 1956.
Here are some of the nippy overnight lows:
- Edmundston, NB -2.0°C
- Woodstock, NB -0.8°C
- Red Pines, NB -0.7°C
- Fredericton, NB 0.1°C
- Upper Stewiacke, NS -0.4°C
- Maple Plains, PEI 1.4°C
A slow moving frontal system brought heavy rain to western New Brunswick with about 20 mm falling per hour in the southwest.
Environment Canada reported 174 mm of rain in St. Stephen over a two day period which is a shocking amount considering about 180 mm fell from June to September.
Other amounts include 112 mm in Edmundston, 93 mm in Woodstock and 74 mm in Fredericton.
Rainfall totals were much lower in Southeast New Brunswick where only 27 mm fell at the Greater Moncton International Airport.
Tropical air with this system broke more record highs in Atlantic Canada with a maximum of 23.4 C in Moncton and Bouctouche, 23.5 C in Cheticamp, 22.0 C in Deer Lake and 21.2 C in Happy Valley-Goose Bay.
Sunflowers flourishing during heat wave, Salisbury, NB, 24 Sept 2017 (Dearing)
Having a heat wave in late September is unusual for Southeast New Brunswick but even more so is that the highest temperature of 2017 has occurred in early autumn.
The thermometer soared to 31.1 C yesterday (26 September) at the Greater Moncton International Airport which breaks the previous maximum of 29.6 C from 2007 and records date back to 1881.
The previous high for the year had been 30.6 C recorded on 04 August.
At least 10 other New Brunswick communities set new record highs yesterday including Fredericton at 32.8 C, Woodstock at 32.3 C and Bouctouche at 31.8 C.
Environment Canada says temperatures will return to more seasonable values by the weekend with highs between 16 and 18 C.
Jones Lake, west end Moncton, 18 May 2017 (Dearing)
Summer-like air enveloped the Maritime Provinces with new record high temperatures set in all three provinces yesterday.
Environment Canada says more than a dozen communities in New Brunswick hit new maximums for the date including St. Stephen at 34.0 C (hot spot in Canada), Fredericton at 33.0 C and both Woodstock and Edmundston at 32.0 C.
While the thermometer reached a record-breaking 30.5 C at the Greater Moncton International Airport, the overall 18 May record for Moncton is 31.7 C from 1918.
In Nova Scotia, new records were set in Greenwood and Kejimkujik Park at 32.0 C while Summerside, Prince Edward Island warmed up to 26.3 C.
What a difference in one week in downtown Fredericton, 23 Feb 2017 (Facebook)
The weather has been relatively calm lately in New Brunswick and the Maritimes which has been a welcome relief after a string of winter storms earlier this month.
Mild air has pushed into the region which set several record highs yesterday both here and in Southern Ontario.
The Greater Moncton International Airport reached 10 C and it was the warmest temperature since 18 December – just shy of the record of 13.2 from 1981.
But some weather stations in the Moncton area climbed as high as 13 C.
New record highs for 23 February:
Kouchibouguac Nat’l Park 12.4 C
Woodstock, NB 11.9 C
Bathurst 10.5 C
Windsor, ON 19.3 C
London, ON 18.3 C
Toronto Pearson Airport 17.7 C